大種鴨嘴花 malabar nut

在兵頭花園看到大種鴨嘴花,高架花蕾放射式排陣,有建築的美。

再遇,花初綻放,唇形的花冠,白瓣潑紫,仿如花界中的夢露。

大種鴨嘴花,原屬印度,跟很多爵床科植物都來自熱帶。查閱「爵床科」,才知道她是雙子葉植物綱 (magnoliopsida) 中一個大科。紅樹植物的老鼠簕,老鼠簕屬亦是這科;還有板藍根 (strobilanthes cusia)。

malabar nut ( justicia adhatoda) is native to india and himalaya. when searching it on the internet, there are so many herbal sites and india sites returning the result. this shrub has a number of traditional medicinal uses. i would not have imagined that there is a wide big medicinal world behind this beautifully-structured plant: before blossoming, the buds built like jade pagoda. 

malabar nut 大種鴨嘴花 (binomial name – justicia adhatoda) – order: lamiales 唇形目 | family: acanthaceae 爵床科 | genus: justicia爵床屬 | species: j. adhatoda

參考百度百科 –

  • 爵床科原来是雙子葉植物綱中一個大科,大約包括250個屬,2500餘種植物。
  • 葉大多對生、全緣、無托葉。
  • 花兩性,兩側對稱,通常組成總狀花序、穗狀花序、聚傘花序或頭狀花序。
  • 花冠合瓣,具長或短的冠筒,喉部多少擴大,冠簷通常5裂,整齊或二唇形,上唇2裂,下唇3裂,裂片旋轉狀排列,或由於上唇退化而為單唇 (如老鼠簕屬)。

參考葉脈網

  • 爵床科植物大部分生長在熱帶地區,主要是草本、灌木,也有一些藤本或多刺植物,只有少數種類可以生長在溫帶地區,分布最廣的地區為南亞、中南半島、非洲、巴西和中美洲。在各種生境中都有分布,例如密林、開闊森林、灌木叢、濕地、峽谷、沼澤、海岸邊、沿海紅樹林等。

reference from i love idia site –

  • malabar nut is a small evergreen, subherbacious bush. the corolla is large and white, with lower lip streaked purple. the fruit is a 4-seeded small capsule. the stomata in the plant are elongated and oval in shape.
  • the plant has been used in india for over 200 years. it is commonly cultivated in the tropics in the country
  • the shrub is the source of a drug well known in indigenous systems of medicine for its beneficial effects, particularly in bronchitis.
  • its leaves, flowers, fruits and roots are extensively used for treating cold, cough, whooping cough, chronic bronchitis and asthma.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: