假蘋婆 lance-leaved sterculia

大自然萬物所呈現的形態,經常出奇不意。

上星期到維園走了一圈。在緩跑徑一段,刹眼看到一鉤紅,走近打量,樹上掛著紅的黃的半紅黃的掛飾,像海星,也似五隻香蕉連起來。太有趣了。

植物學用語,這是蓇葖果,五個聚生。

揭曉這樹的身份 – 假蘋婆。熟悉她的花朵,却首次親睹她的果實。

nature is always surprising.

last week i went to victoria park for a stroll. suddenly by the side of the running track, a dash of red flashed into the corner of my eyes. i went closer to check what that was and was fascinated by these almost christmas tree decoration. these follicles were arranged in star-fish shape, some of them red, some of them yellow, some half in red and yellow.

the tree is called lance-leaved sterculia, it is native to hong kong and china, and also distributed in vietnam and thailand.

  

假蘋婆的名字是相對於蘋婆而立的,兩植物相似。「蘋婆」,源出梵語,原意為「身影」,意譯為「相思樹」。(参考自《中國科學院》)

假蘋婆 lance-leaved sterculia (sterculia lanceolata) – 植物界 plantae kingdom | 被子植物門 magnoliophyta division | 雙子葉植物綱 magnoliopsida class | 錦葵目 malvales order| 梧桐科 sterculiaceae family | 蘋婆屬 sterculia genus | 種:假蘋婆 species : s. lanceolata

参考 reference:

  • 假蘋婆又名七姐果,是香港原生半落葉喬木,常見於郊野公園及風水林。樹冠廣闊,葉脈明顯,葉柄兩端攏起,像啞鈴一樣。4至5月開出細少的紅色花朵。最有趣的是它的果實,由5個蓇葖果組成。果實吊在樹上,未成熟時是黃色,成熟後變成鮮艷奪目的紅色,內藏若干粒黑色的種子。
  • 果為蓇葖果,長卵形或長橢圓形,常2-5個聚生或單生,初時綠色,後轉黃色,成熟時鮮紅色,頂端有喙,基部漸狹,密披短茸毛,近無柄,長約5-7厘米,寬約2-2.5厘米;於每一蓇葖內約有2-7顆種子;成熟後開裂,形如鳳凰鳥睜開眼睛,故有鳳眼果之稱。種子橢圓狀卵形,黑色或褐色,直徑約1厘米。《惜樹靈人》
  • 中國科學院》說真假蘋婆
  • the new york botanic garden’s specimen collection (by a collector named c. wright s. n., 1853-1856)
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