麵包樹 bread-fruit tree

麵包樹,名字踏實但形態獨樹一幟。看到其分明剛烈的葉,即能辨認其樹。大剌剌的葉片(看!比我的腳還大),羽狀深裂,紋理深刻。看到它們濃密堆掛樹上,有點抽象畫的意象。嫩葉拔起,感覺奇趣,像一把白菜栽養其中。

bread fruit tree is distinctive in its look, to be precise, its leaves are unique. they are large and thick (look! it is bigger than my foot), deeply cut into pinnate lobes. the vines are deeply craved on and under the blades. i chuckle at the sight of their new leaves, don’t they look like a pok choy standing upright.

昨天在西灣河看到樹開始結果了。翻查資料,發覺麵包果廣泛分布在玻里尼西亞(polynesia)群島;植物的屬名拉丁文的artos是指「麵包」,carpus是指「果實」的意思;果肉可煮食,種子可炒食,其味如麵包而得名。臺灣一網頁還說,她的果雄性棍棒形,雌性橢圓形。

the breadfruit is closely related to the jackfruit.

麵包樹 bread-fruit tree (artocarpus altilis) – 植物界 plantae kingdom | 被子植物門 magnoliophyta division | 雙子葉植物綱 magnoliopsida class | 薔薇目 rosales order | 桑科 moraceae family | 桂木屬 artocarpus genus | species: 麵包樹 a. altilis

參考 reference:

  • 葉有柄、互生、革質、闊卵圓形,先端銳尖,基部近於心形,羽狀深裂,老樹亦有全緣者,裂片 3~9 枚,長 30~40 公分,中肋與側脈均極顯著,葉裡脈上有毛;托葉大而作三角形、有毛、早落。
  • 花4~6 月開花,雌雄同株,雄蕊極小,穗狀花序,密集而成棍棒狀,花被二片,雄蕊一枚,直生。雌花花被筒形或球形。
  • 果為複合果球,肥大呈肉質,小兒頭大,徑 10~20 公分,外有角形之瘤突;小果各藏黑色扁平之硬種子一粒。本種之果托特別肥大而為肉質。初為白色,成熟時為黃色,果於 8 月成熟,果肉可煮食,種子可炒食,其味如麵包而得名。
  • 特性: 麵包樹屬桑科,常綠大喬木,株高可達 10~15 公尺,全株含有乳汁。它原產在波里尼亞、馬來西亞、大溪地,土著以其果為主食。清代由南洋引入台灣,各地普遍栽培,是公園、庭園之綠蔭樹,因其樹冠傘狀、葉大、濃綠色、遮蔭效果甚佳,果可供食用,木材材質輕軟而粗,亦可供建築,海島居民以此為獨木舟。麵包樹每個部分對太平洋地區的島民都是有用的材料,是一個很重要的日常用品,最為重要的莫過於其是島民的主要食物。研究Marquesas島的原住民極為深入的外國學者Handy,E.S.C.說:「1-2棵麵包樹就足夠提供一個人一整年所需的食物」。《臺中市立后里國民中學
  • breadfruit is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry family, moraceae, growing throughout southeast asia and most pacific ocean islands. its name is derived from the texture of the cooked fruit, which has a potato-like flavor, similar to fresh-baked bread.
  • ancestors of the polynesians found the trees growing in the northwest new guinea area around 3,500 years ago. they gave up the rice cultivation and raised breadfruit wherever they went in the pacific (except easter island and new zealand, which were too cold). their ancient eastern indonesian cousins spread the plant west and north through insular and coastal southeast asia. (source: wikipedia)
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11 thoughts on “麵包樹 bread-fruit tree

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  1. Hi there,

    You can find at least 4 breadfruit trees in Hong Kong Park, with 2 of them actually inside the covered aviary section. Another one is on the left hand side of the steps walking up towards the aviary, with the final one to be found within the aviary caged display section. I have some nice photos of these if you would like me to send them.

    1. i knew those trees in hong kong park. thanks for pointing out and share the location here. i am not sure you can add photos in this comment section, sorry about that.

  2. 你見過4樓高的椰子樹未?有趣的是在它樹幹(離地2公尺)還寄生了1株大樹.就在沙田城門河邊(香港文化博物館斜對面,香港教會聚會所).

  3. The “Breadfruit Tree” is located inside Lei King Wan Sitting-out Area
    (鯉景灣休憩處) of Sai Wan Ho, Hong Kong, at the side of Tai Hong Street.

    1. hi. breadfruit tree is not uncommon in hong kong. next time when i visit lei king wan, i will check it out. thanks for pointing out. but the breadfruit tree in my photo is at chater garden 遮打花園.

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