水茄 tetrongan

上星期到了南涌,一親農村郊野。看到、聽到很多。

這是水茄,很飯桌在地的植物,霎眼感覺,花朵俏麗,巴大的葉片。综合資料,得出以下對她們的認識:

  • 有刺灌木。莖有被星狀毛、紅色或淺黃色彎曲的刺。
  • 葉厚紙質,緣深波狀或分裂,上表面疏被星狀毛。
  • 全年開花。結圓球形黃色漿果。
  • 應用:根可藥用,有小毒,可治跌打瘀痛、胃痛、牙痛等症。《香港野花網》果實可明目,葉可治瘡毒,嫩果煮熟可供蔬食。《互動百科》

last weekend, i went to nam chung outside fanling to visit a farm there. it was real good to see, listen and feel the bigger nature. the green, the bigger atmosphere, the rain, the symphony of birds, insects and frog/toad cleanse me.

here is one of the plants i saw there. it is called tetrongan (solanum torvum), or in the western world more commonly known as turkey berry or devil fig. it is from the solanaceae family, same as tomato and nightshade (potato). it flowers almost throughout the year.

kingdom: plantae | (unranked): angiosperms 被子植物 | (unranked): eudicots 真雙子葉植物 | (unranked): asterids | order: solanales 茄目 | family: solanaceae 茄科 | genus: solanum茄屬 | species: s. torvum

參考 reference:

  • 臺灣有稱萬桃花
  • 莖:高可達2公尺,莖圓柱形,擴展,具刺,細長,直立,具多數分枝,小枝細長,直立或斜上昇,被星狀毛。
  • 葉:單葉,近對生,具葉柄,柄長1~5公分;葉片長15~25 公分,寬8~15公分,長橢圓形至卵狀橢圓形,葉基鈍,葉尖銳形,葉緣深波狀或分裂,上表面疏被星狀毛,厚紙質。
  • 花:花兩性,多數,呈腋生的聚繖花序;花萼杯形,五裂,裂片先端刺尖形,光滑;花冠徑約1.5公分,白色或淺藍色,五裂,裂片闊披針形,光滑;雄蕊 五枚;花絲甚短;花藥線狀長橢圓形,輳合,頂端孔裂;子房長約0.2公分,橢圓形;花柱光滑;柱頭圓形。全年開花。
  • 果:果實為漿果,徑約1公分,圓形或球形,成熟時橙黃色,內有多數種子。《臺中市立后里國民中學
  • spreading or scrambling shrub to 3 m, dark green, pubescent with stellate hairs; hairs dense on lower leaf-surface, sparser on upper surface; glandular hairs on pedicels; prickles 3–7 mm long, scattered on stems and leaf-surfaces, sparse to absent on mature growth.
  • leaves broadly oval-ovate; lamina mostly 10–15 cm long, 8–10 cm wide, discolorous, lobed; lobes broadly triangular; petiole usually 2–5 cm long.
  • inflorescence usually branched, 50–100–flowered, the upper and late-season flowers often male; peduncle to first fork 10–25 mm long; pedicels 5–10 mm long, slightly longer in fruit. calyx 3–5 mm long; lobes apiculate, 2–3 mm long. corolla stellate, deeply incised, 20–25 mm diam., white. anthers 5–7.5 mm long.
  • berry globular, 10–15 mm diam., drab yellow, drying black. seeds 1.5–2 mm long, yellow or drab brown. n=24. (source: flora.sa.gov.au)
  • gastronomy – the green fresh fruits are edible and used in thai cuisine, being one of the essential elements of the thai yellow curry. (source: wiki)
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