潺槁樹 pond spice

潺槁樹是香港原生樹種,走到山邊郊外,不難發現她們的影蹤。

對潺槁樹特別有感情,除了因附近大學有一棵,掛了樹牌從而認識外;也因有一次大雨期間,在香港公園遇著一地落花,滿鋪一顆一顆晶瑩米黃的小后冠。當時還在猜度那是花還是果。

pond spice is a hong kong native and commonly seen around the city. it is not very hard to spot them: leaves are elliptical to oblong-elliptical, 9 to 20 centimeters long, broadly pointed at the base and tapering to a fine, pointed tip. flowers are small and yellowish, crowded in umbels in the axis of the upper leaves. fruits are rounded, about 8 millimeters in diameter.

潺槁樹是樟科植物。樟科植物主要分佈于熱帶、亞熱帶,全世界約有二千種,許多全株具有芳香油腺。葉單一,全緣,多互生。花細小,花瓣與花萼分別不明顯,色白或淡黃、淡綠,多結成一串的圓錐花序,或繖形、複繖形花序。《台北植物園》

上網搜尋,潺槁樹的有趣發現:一)葉片揉搓會有膠質的汁液;二)臺灣金門有許多有關此樹的描述;三)香港昔日的婦女會用其樹皮或木材製美髮用品。

another common name of the plant is indian laurel. in south east asia, this plant is medicinal. its roots, bark, leaves and seeds are useful. the leaves are considered antispasmodic, emollient, wound healing, while the roots considered emmenagogue.  (source: philippine medicinal plants).

in hong kong back in the olden days, ladies use the bark or wood to make hair beauty product.

潺槁樹 pond spice (litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B. Rob.) – 樟科 lauraceae family | 木薑子屬 litsea genus

reference 參考:

  • litsea glutinosa is a plant with many uses in its area of origin as well as in some of its areas of introduction. its impact on the environment in most areas of introduction is severe. this small tree, which has a high invasion potential, displaces regenerating native plant species in disturbed environments. (source: the global invasive species database)
  • 大地回暖,有否見過那種葉子圓頓但生很多淡黃色小花的樹呢? 潺槁樹是本地原生的常綠喬木,可高達15米,常見於疏林、灌叢及海邊。
  • 潺槁樹的樹皮灰色而光滑。葉互生,橢圓形,革質,葉面深綠色,有光澤,葉背淡綠色,長6.5至10厘米,邊全緣。初夏時花繁滿樹,花細小,腋生,淡黃色。果實為球形漿果,成熟時深褐色至黑色,直徑7毫米。花期: 五月至六月;果期: 九月至十月
  • 除了香港,中國、印度及菲律賓均有它的分佈。《香港植物標本室
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