射干結果 blackberry lily’s fruit season

這陣子射干繼續開花,同時看到黑亮的種子,從所蒴果綻放面世。射干是原生於中國的鳶尾科屬植物。因其花色漂亮,橙红花瓣配合鳶尾科特色的斑纹,在香港的公園常見栽種於矮花草叢。

blackberry lily or leopard lily is a flowering perennial of chinese origin. it is popular among chinese for its medicinal values. the dried rhizome has long been used to treat throat troubles. even though it is called a lily it is actually in the iris family. flowers are orange with red spots. they are commonly planted in parks in hong kong for ornamental purpose.

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香港人可能對「射干」的花名比較陌生,看過有些網上資料會用「較剪蘭」。但在中藥名稱,「射干」則是常用常見的名號。《香港中醫網》資料所示射干為鳶尾科植物射干的根莖,功效清熱解毒、利咽喉、消痰涎。

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blackberry lily derives its name from the clusters of shiny black seeds exposed when seed capsules split open.

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射干 blackberry lily (iris domestica) –

{ 果fruit: 蒴果 capsule

{ kingdom: plantae | (unranked):angiosperms 被子植物 | (unranked): monocots 單子葉植物(舊名單子葉植物綱) | order: asparagales 天門冬目 | family: iridaceae 鳶尾科 | genus: iris 鳶尾屬 | species: i. domestica

參考 reference:

  • 中國大部分省區皆產。朝鮮、日本、印度、越南、前蘇聯等國也有。
  • 多年生草本。根狀莖為不規則的塊狀。莖高1~1.5米,實心。根狀莖入藥,能清熱解毒、散結消炎、消腫止痛、止咳、化痰。
  • 葉互生,劍形,兩側壓扁 ,無中脈。
  • 花序頂生,叉狀分支,花橙紅色,有紫褐色的斑點;花被片六,二輪排列,倒卵形或長橢圓形,外輪略大;雄蕊三,花藥條形,外向開裂;花柱一,頂端三淺裂,子房下位,倒卵形。
  • 蒴果倒卵形,成熟時室背開裂,中央有直立的果軸。種子圓球形,黑紫色,有光澤。《百度百科
  • in 2005, based on molecular dna sequence evidence, belamcanda chinensis, the sole species in the genus belamcanda, was transferred to the genus iris and renamed iris domestica.
  • currently, studies are underway to investigate its apparent potential against prostate cancer. the dried rhizome has long been used in east asia to treat throat troubles, asthma, swollen liver and spleen, gonorrhea, malaria, and arrow poisoning. the herb is a principal ingredient in a lung support formula to reduce inflammation (heat) and fight viral infection. (source: wikipedia)
  • belamcanda chinensis or blackberry lily derives its name from the clusters of shiny black seeds exposed when seed capsules split open. even though it is called a lily it is actually in the iris family. fan-shaped leaves will reach 2 to 3 feet. flowers are orange with a red dot and are 2 inches across. (source: plant of the week)
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