葫蘆茶 tadehagi triquetrum

葫蘆茶跟前文的布狗尾是近親,都屬豆科蝶形花亞科,擁有蝶型的花冠。

last sunday at the museum of coastal museum, saw two plants from the pea family side by side – longspike uraria and this one, tadehagi triquetrum. both of them are common chinese herbal plants and native to this area. tadehagi triquetrum is also native to india. in india it has a common name of trefle gros.

葫蘆茶花色比布狗尾欣悦,紫多了點喜彩。花形有點像小型的胡姬。可植物的命名来自其形如倒轉葫蘆的葉。

tadehagi triquetrum blooms have a very pleasant appeal. small violet crowns lining up one by one, like a string of adoring little bells. i can almost hear them tinkling.

搜尋葫蘆茶,很多有關涼茶、中藥用途的資料:《中國科學院》說葫蘆茶是西雙版納地區的土著植物。傣醫認為,葫蘆茶味微苦、澀,性涼,入水、風塔;有清熱解毒、利水退黃消腫等功效。最親切又驚喜的發現,原來廣東涼茶中的竹殼茶,就是葫蘆茶!

竹殼茶,就是從前在國貨公司和藥材鋪看到,一條條竹殼包紮成五個連珠葫蘆狀的那個法寶。竹殼茶主要原料是葫蘆茶,還含鴨腳木葉、葫蘆茶、雞骨草、金銀花、車前草、金不換、救必應等。功用清熱利濕消滯。

此外《嶺南采藥錄》記載:幹置衣箱中,辟蠹去蛀虱。

apart from its medical value, the plant is also used by chinese and indians for generations as bug repellent.

葫蘆茶 tadehagi triquetrum (linn.) ohashi – kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): 被子植物門 magnoliophyta (angiosperms) | (unranked): 真雙子葉植物 eudicots 核心真雙子葉植物 core eudicots | class: 薔薇類植物 rosids | order: 豆目 fabales | family: fabaceae 豆科 | subfamily: faboideae 蝶形花亞科 | tribe 山螞蝗屬 desmodieae | genus: 葫蘆茶屬tadehagi   ~ consolidate from various sources ~

參考 reference :

  • 蝶形花(亞)科 – 植物的花是蝶型花冠,有五瓣,兩側對稱,下面一瓣為龍骨瓣,中間兩瓣為翼瓣,最上方兩瓣最大為旗瓣,如同蝴蝶飛舞《百度百科》
  • 又名為百勞舌、牛蟲草、懶狗舌等。產華南,生於荒地或山地林緣海拔1400米以下。南亞如印度、緬甸、馬來西亞以及太平洋群島、澳洲北部也有分布。
  • 葫蘆茶莖直立,高1-2米;幼枝三棱形;葉僅具單小葉;托葉披針形,有條紋;葉柄兩側有寬翅,與葉同質;因此,整片葉看起來形似葫蘆;
  • 總狀花序頂生和腋生,被貼伏絲狀毛和小鉤狀毛;花二三朵簇生於每節上;花梗開花時長2-6毫米,結果時延長到5-8毫米,被小鉤狀毛和絲狀毛;花冠淡紫色或藍紫色,伸出萼外,旗瓣近圓形,先端凹入,翼瓣倒卵形,基部具耳,龍骨瓣鐮刀形,彎曲,瓣柄與瓣片近等長;
  • 莢果全部密被黃色或白色糙伏毛,無網脈,腹縫線直,背縫線稍縊縮,有五至八莢節,莢節近方形;種子寬橢圓形或橢圓形,長2-3毫米,寬1.5-2.5毫米.花期6-10月,果期10-12月。 《中國科學院》
  • trefle gros is a subshrub, with erect stems which are almost woody. branches are triangular in cross-section, velvety. leaves are alternately arranged, and the leaf stalk has prominently wings. leaves are linear-oblong, ovate or heart-shaped, with a tapering tip. flowers arise in many-flowered racemes in leaf axils. flowers are small, shaped like pea flowers, pale violet. legumes are hairy, 5-8 jointed. flowering: nearly all year.
  • trefle gros is used to expel worms, treats spasms in infants, indigestion, piles and abscesses (whole plant) flowers of india 
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