地膽草 elephant-foot herb [山頂-香港仔10月1日行 peak-aberdeen walk on oct1]

沿路都留意到這小草,因為其有趣的結構圖案和特濃的綠,加上毛茸。

this hairy buddy is easily spotted along the way from the peak to aberdeen. it simply catches my eye because of the slender pale purple petals almost like dancing out from the dark green globlet.

 

花朵如穿上紫色舞衣的芭蕾少女,婀娜伸展肢體。腳下的舞台,猶似放滿黛綠茸刺的杯爵。參考資料,這爵舞,是由三枚葉狀苞片圈圍約四朵小花的總狀花序而成;刺狀的總苞並非植物的葉。而她的葉喜歡俯聚地面。

《本草綱目拾遺》叫此植物苦地膽。原來是廿四味其中一「味」《樹木谷》。

it is native to south and south-west of china, and also india. both civilization use elephant foot as medicinal herb. locally it is used in the herbal tea “24 herbs”.

地膽草Scabrous Elephant-foot Herb (Elephantopus scaber Linn.)

kingdom: plantae植物界 | (unranked): angiosperms (flowering plant) /被子植物門 magnoliophyta | (unranked): eudicots / 雙子葉植物綱 magnoliopsida | (unranked): asterids菊類植物 | order: asterales菊目 | family: asteraceae菊科 | genus: elephantopus地膽草屬 | species: e. scaber地膽草

參考 reference:

  • 《住在~~江仔翠~~的中醫師》
  • 地膽頭 scabrous elephant-foot herb – 性味:   味苦、辛,性寒; 功效:清熱,涼血,解毒利濕。《中藥標本數據庫 (香港浸會大學中醫藥學院)》
  • elephant foot is a rather coarse, rigid, erect, hairy herb 30 to 60 cm high. stems forked, and stiff. leaves are mostly in basal rosette and oblong-ovate to oblong-lancelike, 10-25 cm in length and often very much notched on the margins. those on the stem few and much smaller. purple flowers are 8-10 mm long. each head comprises about 4 flowers. flowering heads borne in clusters at the end of the branches and usually enclosed by 3 leaf-like bracts which are ovate to oblong-ovate, 1 to 1.5 cm long, and heart-shaped at the base. the flowering heads many-crowded in each cluster. fruits are achenes, ribbed. pappus from 4 to 6 mm long with rigid ristles.  flowers of india

read also 前文 – 山芝麻 narrow-leaved screwtree  [山頂-香港仔10月1日行 peak-aberdeen walk]

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