慈菇 threeleaf arrowhead

從前認識慈菇,就只有芽菇 – 我們食用的果,其實是其球莖。黃白色圓滾滾,頂抽出肥大的芽。口味如馬蹄加薯仔再多一點耐人尋味的澀。

threeleaf arrowhead is a common plant in mid and southern china. Chinese in these regions, I dare said, are more familiar with the “fruit” than the plant itself. The edible part is actually the tuber. Its taste and texture is unique, a crossover of water-chestnut and potato, starch and crunchy with an astringent taste.

原來慈菇這樣美。the plant is a beauty.

threeleaf arrowhead

葉柄粗,有棱,葉片戟形,所以又稱剪刀草、燕尾草。

「冬季纖伏枝之末端膨大成為與胡桃大小相同之球莖。球莖在春天生出帶狀葉,沉于水中,繼而生出具長柄,卵形或近戟形之浮水葉,最後生出戟形葉高出水面,長約5-20公分,基部深裂,裂片向兩側開展,葉柄長20-40公分,肉質。在溪水深處身長之慈姑僅具帶形葉。」《香港淡水植物》

白如仙子的花朵,由三塊花瓣和花萼組成。總狀花序。

「花莖三稜形,光滑,頂生,有花三輪,白色,雄花在上,雌花在下。萼片及花瓣均為三枚。心批多數,分離,螺旋狀排列於一凹入之花托上。」《香港淡水植物》

the leaves above water are arrowhead-shaped, on a long petiole holding the leaf above water level. i may be a person with too much imagination. but they really look like little rabbits with their heads looking up. the plant also has narrow linear submerged leaves.

the flowers are like white fairies, with three small sepals and three white petals.

threeleaf arrowhead flowers

「果兩側壓扁,為有翅,有啄之小堅果」《香港淡水植物》。而我們吃的是其卵圓形的球莖。李時珍在本草綱目中有載,慈菇一根生十二子,即是說慈菇一根有十二個果實;而事實上慈菇一根多者有十五個,少者也不會少過六個。《百度百科》

慈菇,多年生水生草本。生長在淺水泥地中,耐寒也耐熱。

threeleaf arrowhead is a herbaceous perennial plant, native to wetlands throughout the temperate regions of europe and asia.

慈菇 threeleaf arrowhead (sagittaria sagittifolia) – 植物界 plantae kingdom | 被子植物門 magnoliophyta division | 單子葉植物綱 liliopsida class | 澤瀉目 alismatales order | 澤瀉科 alismataceae family | 慈姑屬 sagittaria genus | 種 species:慈姑 s. sagittifolia《維基百科》

參考 reference:

  • 《香港淡水植物》韓國章博士(香港大學植物系)著。市政局編印,1978年
  • 主治:  清熱止血,解毒消腫,散結。用于咯血,吐血,難產,產后胞衣不下,崩漏帶下,尿路結石,小兒丹毒;外用治癰腫瘡毒,毒蛇咬傷。《醫學百科
  •  plant for a future
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: