黃蘭 joy perfume tree (michelia champaca)

想大家都愛白蘭,因為花幽香,花苞象牙白且修淨。

比較少人留意黃蘭,她相對冶豔版的近親。

hongkongers are familiar with white champak (michelia alba). we love the lingering delicate scent and the elegant ivory blossoms. its close relative joy perfume tree (michelia champaca) however is less known. the two sisters look quite alike. but champaca is the wilder one, with lavish orange-yellow colour and much stronger fragrant.

黃蘭與白蘭都是常綠的香花喬木,樹形相似,樹幹挺拔工整。通常樹高一般,但也有特別例子,譬如香港動植物公園的老白蘭便有三十公尺高。黃蘭與白蘭都在華南有原生品種。

兩星期遊訪荔枝角公園。此公園自己蠻熟悉的,但到當天才發現那裡的黃蘭樹。如何發現?花香。那股花香濃而不濁,與白蘭的香又明顯不同。

michelia champaca lck park

i am familiar with lai chi kok park. but obviously not well enough. two weeks ago. i went to visit the park. suddenly, some pleasant fragrant lured me to a corner of the small chinese garden in the older part of the park.looking up to the few trees there, the lovely sweetness come from the orange-yellow blossoms.

隨香找花,發現樹身掛了黃橙花蕾花苞,模樣跟白蘭相近。樹上還有不少初果。看資料,香港的白蘭較少看到結果。黃蘭結果則平常。

i then quickly recognized these are joy perfume tree, a relative of the white champak, because their flowers look very similar. both are native to china as well as south-east asia. meanwhile, champaca seems more worldly, as perfumers are using champaca absolute as single note fragrances, thus the common name of joy perfume tree.

michelia champaca flower

這時的果,青澀。暫難想像她像假蘋婆(不過假蘋婆的是聚合蓇葖果)一樣,果熟會裂開,每顆黃蘭果有二或更多顆的紅色種子。期待碰到黃蘭的果熟期。(前文《假蘋婆 lance-leaved sterculia》)

michelia champaca fruits

another difference between the two sisters is that alba is hardly seen bearing fruit in hong kong, but not champaca. in fact i could see some young fruits on the michelia champaca trees at lai chi kok park. the fruit is made up of follicles that are dry and brown at maturity and split open at one side. each follicle contain two or more reddish seeds. i hope i can catch that stage of the tree later.

黃蘭 joy perfume tree (michelia champaca) – kingdom: plantae 植物界| (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): magnoliids | order: magnoliales 木蘭目 | family: magnoliaceae 木蘭科 | genus: magnolia 木蘭屬 | species: m. champaca  wiki

有關白蘭的前文 previous posts on white champak: 《白蘭 white champak》《花香的季節 summer fragrances》

參考 ref: 《認識植物》; ntbg.org

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