朴子與鳥 chinese hackberries & birds

寫過朴樹,那是去年四月,正值開花結嫩果的時期(朴樹花期很短,所以開花很快也見果)。

這次按捺不住再寫,因為窗前對著的兩棵,近星期,樹上果子成熟開來,化身鳥兒磁石。

wrote about chinese hackberries back in april last year. it was the flowering season then, with green fruit budding.

can’t help writing this deciduous tree again because there are two trees right outside my bed window and they have many avian visitors these days coming for the fruit.

不免考究一下這些朴子。

朴子屬核果。先綠後紅,圓形或卵形。

myna ch hackberries

chinese hackberries, those little round or egg-shaped drupe, are born green and ripe in orange-red. like other plants from the genus of celtis (commonly known as hackberries), the drupe are dryish but sweet, with sugary consistency, attractive to many birds.

朴子是這種落葉喬木的標誌,所以別名也包括朴子樹、朴仔樹。我們的父輩祖父輩應該是朴子的擁躉,因為查閱不少中文網站,一說到朴子,都說小孩子喜歡利用未熟的朴子來作子彈,放入竹管,再用竹子將「子彈」彈出。

小孩要未熟的,可鳥兒喜歡成熟橙紅的朴子。朴屬的果,特色是少汁味甜。紅耳鵯、樹鶯、相思都聞果而至。珠頸斑鳩、原鴿,因為身重,吃果子時顯得有點笨拙。不過同屬體型較大的小葵花鸚鵡,善於割枝式的進食方式,琢和爪極致淩厲,看牠們吃朴子的饞嘴樣子,令人忍晙不禁。

spotted dove ch hackberries

as its common and latin (celtis sinensis) names suggested, it is native but not restrictive to china. according to archeologist, fossils of chinese hackberries were found at the site of peking man.

even though they are small, as they bloom abundantly, it is a rewarding view. i know at least birds agree with me.

ch hackberries n white-eye

so many visitors so many gourmets – red-whiskered bulbuls, warblers, white-eyes of course, spotted doves and feral pigeons too. the doves and pigeons however appear very clumsy compare to less expected yellow-crested cockatoo. the former group is not too good in balancing themselves on the softer branches of the chinese hackberries, whereas the cockatoo have strong crawling and climbing skill with their very skillful and vigorous beak and claws. i have become a fan of these yellow-crested cockatoo as they without any self-knowledge deliver very entertaining eating show.

y-crested cockatoo ch hackberries

朴樹 chinese hackberry  (celtis sinensis) – 植物界 plantae | 被子植物門 magnoliophyta | 雙子葉植物綱 magnoliopsida | 薔薇目 rosales | 大麻科 cannabaceae (hemp) family | 朴屬 celtis (commonly known as hackberries) genus | 種 species: 朴樹 c. sinensis 《維基》

參考 reference:

  • 朴樹的拉丁文學名中,屬名Celtis朴屬是一種擁有甜美果實的樹名,林奈氏把這個名字用在歐洲朴樹(celtis australis L.)上面。種小名sinensis則是「中國的」意思。不過它不止產於中國,日本、韓國也都可以發現它的蹤跡。《國立自然科學博物館
  • 大麻科是生物分類學上雙子葉植物綱薔薇目的一個科,包含七個屬。以前被分在蕁麻目下。
  • 大麻科Cannabaceae在傳統的分類系統裡只有大麻屬與葎草屬二個屬。朴樹屬、白顏樹屬、Parasponia屬、青檀屬、山黃麻屬,這五個屬以前是分類在榆科裡,被子植物種系發生學組(APG)根據基因的分析研究,認為將這些屬改分類在大麻科裡比較好。《維基》

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