野牡丹的花和初果 common melastoma (melastoma candidum) flowers and young fruit

上文介紹了毛菍。本文要說她的親屬野牡丹。原因有二,一是實地遇到她們兩灌木,同時開花,二者兩者頗相像。

據維基說,野牡丹原產於巴西,分布於台灣、印度以及中國。相比毛菍,野牡丹花色較淡。花瓣五片,倒卵形,粉紅色。其雄蕊型態獨特:雄蕊五長五短,較長的雄蕊基部黃色直立,上部呈關節狀彎曲,連接紫紅色的花藥,短的雄蕊黃色,只一節,連接黃色的花藥。

葉橢圓或卵形,基部較圓,葉脈分明,五至七條基出。葉片堅紙質,兩面披短毛,手感柔軟。對比毛菍,後者葉片摸上去叫粗硬,而且其枝條都有毛。

這次除了野牡丹的花,也見其果。壺形蒴果,密披褐色糙毛。

common melastoma flower

last blog post is about blood-red melastoma. this time we talk about its relative from the same family and genus – common melastoma. i saw the two shrubs blossoming next to each other lately. can’t help introducing them side by side. and, they do look-alike.

common melastoma flowers usually have five petals, while blood-red often have seven, even though five is not rare. common melastoma have 10 stamens, five short and five long, all yellow, but the long ones have the upper part bend and extend to the purple anthers.

leaves are elliptical but round at the base, with five to seven clear and deep veins parallel. soft hairs are on both side of the leaves. blood-red also have hairs on the leaves but they feel rougher. hairs are grown on stems of blood-red melastoma as well, while common m. don’t.

we are seeing some young fruit of common melastoma too. they are capsule in pot-shape, with tough brown hair.

c melastoma young fruit

野牡丹 common melastoma (melastoma candidum) – 植物界 plantae | (未分級)被子植物 angiosperms | (未分級)真雙子葉植物 eudicots | (未分級)薔薇類植物 rosids | 桃金娘目 myrtales order | 野牡丹科 melastomataceae family | 野牡丹屬 melastoma genus | 種 species: 野牡丹 m. candidum 《維基》

 

 

 

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