海島十大功勞 island mahonia (mahonia oiwakensis)

海島十大功勞在冬季開花,繁華黃花,有孔雀開屏的氣焰。這是栽種版,見於香港動植物公園。

此草本植物原生於華南包括香港,有見於大嶼山,現屬易危品種。

參考蘋果日報2007年一篇報導,當中訪問中醫師關之義,指出植物名字應有過百年歷史,其時香港寂寂無聞,大概是這樣,才冠上「海島」二字。十大功勞就代表其十種藥用價值。

名字能反映本性,名字「架勢」,植物形態別致。羽狀複葉向外輻射,感覺霸氣硬朗,葉緣還有刺。花序總狀,黃色。漿果初生粉綠,成熟轉成粉紫藍。

2014.12.12
2014.12.12

island mahonia blossoms in winter. this is a gardening plant at the botanic gardens in central. the yellow blooms are an extravaganza.

you can find this plant in the wild on lantau island. it is native to southern china including hong kong. it is now listed as ‘vulnerable’.

the chinese common name is intriguing – island ten big accomplishment. according to a chinese medicine doctor in hong kong interviewed by apple daily years back, the word “island” probably refer to hong kong; as the name probably could be traced back to 100 years ago or more, hong kong was then an unknown island, thus the first part of the name. meanwhile, the 10 big accomplishments refer to the number of medicine values of the plant.

quoting from wiki, here are the features of the plant – mahonia oiwakensis is a shrub or tree. leaves are up to 45 cm long, compound with 12-20 pairs of leaflets plus a larger terminal one, dark green above, yellow-green below. inflorescence is a fascicled raceme up to 25 cm long. berries are egg-shaped, dark blue, sometimes almost black, up to 8 mm long.

2014.12.31 w early berries 漿果初生
2014.12.31 w early berries 漿果初生

海島十大功勞 island mahonia (mahonia oiwakensis)易危 vulnerable (iucn 2.3) –  植物界 plantae kingdom | (unranked): angiosperms / 被子植物門 magnoliophyta phylum | (unranked): eudicots / 雙子葉植物綱 magnoliopsida class | 毛茛目 ranunculales order  | 小檗科 berberidaceae family | 十大功勞屬 mahonia genius | 種 species: 阿里山十大功勞 m. oiwakensis  (source: wiki)

 

previous post about island mahonia 提及海島十大功勞的前文:《春之果 fruits of spring》2012.3

 

 

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