黑面神 waxy leaf (breynia fruticosa)

很可愛的名字,因為覺得省了解釋省了怕人不喜,可以一勁兒黑著臉口對著這世界,不也輕鬆。名字由來是樹葉落地或乾了變成全黑。

這灌木的面目絕不猙獰,反而是玲瓏可親的。

黑面神的葉互生,整齊排列,革質,葉面深綠葉底粉綠,因為深淺差異,葉緣便如綑了邊,美美的。

春季開始是植物的花期。雌雄花同株,小小的生於葉腋,雌花在枝上,雄花在枝下。花開如列隊在中間,兩邊葉片夾道,細緻整麗。到夏天,圓圓的蒴果出現,那渾珠慢慢脹大。顏色會由綠變紅。果子據資料說一直開到冬季,現在還是夏季,觀察期會頗長。

此常綠植物是原生且常見,外觀雖不突出,大家日常在山坡、草叢林邊細心一點留意,特別在花果期如現在,還是不難發現的。

waxy leaf flowers aug15

many plants have waxy leaves. if you base on this characteristic to look for this plant, it is not easy. let me give you another hint. the chinese common name of this shrub is “black face”. the name points to the fact that leaves turn black when they fell down or dry; whereas leaves from most other plants turn brown under such conditions.

waxy leaf (breynia fruticosa) is native to hong kong. it is evergreen  and enjoy long flowering and fruiting seasons that extent from spring to almost winter.

it has alternate leaf arrangement, dark-green on upper surface, light-green on lower surface. flowers are small, yellowish-green in colour, solitary or 2-4-flowered in axillary clusters. i found the setting of flowers lining up in the middle, with leaves at both side neat and cute; and the globose capsules are really lovely. the fruit now is young and green, it will turn red when mature.

waxy leaf does not have sharp pretty appearance, but it looks adorable in a down-to-earth sense to me. it is not hard to spot them as they are common in shrubland and edges of woodland around us.

waxy leaf fruit aug15

黑面神 waxy leaf (breynia fruticosa) - kingdom: plantae 植物界 | (unranked): angiosperms 被子植物 | (unranked): eudicots 真雙子葉植物 | (unranked): rosids | order: malpighiales 金虎尾目 | family: phyllanthaceae 葉下珠科 | tribe: phyllantheae 葉下珠族 | subtribe: flueggeinae 白飯樹屬 | genus: breynia 黑面神屬 | species: breynia fruticosa 黑面神   (source: wiki)

 

參考 reference:《百度百科》;  flora of china

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