認識尖翅翠蛺蝶 get to know white edged blue baron (euthalia phemius)

對昆蟲主要採取觀賞的態度,興趣是有的,但沒有很深究。但前幾天遇到這蝴蝶,因為牠綠色的「脷」,禁不住搜尋一番。

先在搜尋網站以英文打入蛾的舌頭(是的,最初以為這是一隻蛾)。先打開的,是維基一篇長文,講的是達爾文一段研究某種蛾的典故。快讀找關鍵字,摘下 proboscis ,中文的意思是吮吸器官或口器。

野心不大,先學懂這個字,已經是一昆蟲課。

下一步就是認清這是什麼昆蟲。

自己擁有一本本港的昆蟲圖鑑,由蛾類開始,找不到類近樣子的。於是繼續看蝴蝶的圖片。有了。蠻像尖翅翠蛺蝶的,但又不盡相同。再以名字作網上查究,終於肯定這真的是尖翅翠蛺蝶,而且是雄性。此蝶在香港是常見的。

按照康文署的市區常見蝴蝶網頁上,又多知道蛺蝶的一般特徵:屬中至大型蝴蝶、翅邊緣常會呈鋸齒狀、以其他腐爛物汁液為食糧。

white-edged blue baron b dec2015

i enjoy checking out insects (many of them, but not all, i can’t help for example smashing mosquito when they bite me) when they are around, but haven’t really studied them as much as plants or birds.

few days ago however the green ‘tongue’ of this fellow triggered me to learn more. i am amazed by the wonderful colour of this tool of an insect. in the beginning i thought it was a moth. so, first thing i typed “moth green tongue” on a search engine. a wikipedia page appeared on top of the search result. it is a detailed on charles darwin’s experience on a kind of moth named xanthopan morgani. being a shallow learner, i browsed the article quickly and looked for a keyword. proboscis is what i picked up. it refers in many insect the elongated sucking mouth part.

next target is to find out what exactly this insect is. i started looking up photos of moth from my insect photographic guide. no finding. then moved on to butterfly photos. in the end, there is one with resemblances. it is called euthalia phemius. to make sure, i typed this name and looked for online photos. finally i am convinced. it is indeed a common butterfly in hong kong and is known as white-edged blue baron. it belongs to the family of nymphalidae. according to wikipedia, “most species have a reduced pair of forelegs and many hold their colourful wings flat when resting. they are also called brush-footed butterflies or four-footed butterflies, because they are known to stand on only four legs while the other two are curled up”

white-edged blue baron a dec2015

尖翅翠蛺蝶 white-edged blue baron (euthalia phemius) –  superfamily: papilionoidea 鳳蝶總科 | family: nymphalidae 蛺蝶科 |  subfamily: limenitinae 線蛺蝶亞科 | tribe: euthaliini 翠蛺蝶族 | species: euthalia phemius 尖翅翠蛺蝶 (source: rhopalocera ngiana)

 

參考 references: wiki ; oldhkls.org; 康文署的市區常見蝴蝶網頁

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