九龍公園植物筆記 2016.5.29 kowloon park plant notes

這次筆記可能零碎一些,但重點在品種特別是植物的科的特色。 these notes may appear quite random but try to name characteris of the family and the species.

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+ 黃槐 sunshine tree (senna sulfurea) – 蘇木科 caesalpinioideae family

# 蘇木科 caesalpinioideae family – 第一和第二葉軸上有腺點。leaves usually paripinnate or binary; raceme inflorescence.      ~ 葉軸 (參考: 香港家育城)

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+ 蜘蛛抱蛋 common aspidistra (aspidistra elatior)百合科 liliaceae family common aspidistra may16

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+ 福木 common garcinia (garcinia subelliptica)藤黃科/金絲桃科 clusiaceae family garcinia subelliptica may16

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+ 八角金盤 japan fatsia (fatsia japonica) – 五加科 araliaceae family

# 五加科特徵: 葉序 – 互生;無托葉;葉柄半抱莖    araliaceae family: species under araliaceae usually bear pinnately or palmately compound leaves, and usually have small flowers produced in large panicles. japan fatsia may16 araliaceae family may16

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# 棕櫚科是單子葉植物。葉大型,或羽毛狀,或扇狀。葉得一個生長點,就在樹幹頂。  arecaceae are trees commonly known as palm trees. they are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order arecales. most palms are distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen leaves arranged at the top of an unbranched stem. (source: wiki)

+ 蒲葵與華盛頓椰子相似。後者的葉,裂片上有絲。chinese fan palm (livistona chinensis) – a side note, love the local wisdom of park cleaners in hong kong. you often see self-made brooms cleaners took initiative to make themselves by bundling leaves of this plant in our city parks. chinese fan palm may16

+ 散尾葵,因葉尾散下而得名。在台灣的名字是黃椰子,因為其莖葉呈黃色。牠的葉梢全包,葉屬羽狀複葉。  bamboo palm (chrysalidocarpus lutescens) – in taiwan this species chinese common name translate as yellow coconut. it makes sense as the plant bores yellowish stem and flowers. bamboo palm may16

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# 大戟科,植物的花都不顯眼。葉有腺點。euphorbiaceae family – this family occurs mainly in the tropics, with the majority of the species in the indo-malayan region. the leaves are alternate, seldom opposite, with stipules. they are mainly simple, but where compound, are always palmate 掌狀, never pinnate 羽狀. stipules may be reduced to hairs, glands, or spines.

+ 紅毛鐵莧屬大戟科。有羽毛狀托葉。acalypha reptans belongs to euphorbiaceae family. it has feathery stipules. acalypha reptans may16

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# 桃金孃科植物,葉有油腺點,揉葉會讓香味散發。  myrtaceae is the myrtle family. all species are woody, with essential oils, and flower parts in multiples of four or five. one notable character of the family is that the phloem is located on both sides of the xylem, not just outside as in most other plants. (source: wiki) myrtaceae may16

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+ 假連翹 – 馬鞭草科。假連翹特色是葉上半有鋸齒,下半全緣。有翅柄。duranta repens is under the verbenaceae family.

# 馬鞭草科特色是葉對生;莖方形;木本。   verbenaceae has opposite leaf arrangement. plant stem is retangular in shape. duranta repens may16

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+ 黃金間碧竹 bambusa vulgaris – – 屬禾本科。 poaceae family

# 禾本科的葉有葉鞘,即其他植物所指的葉柄和托葉。  the poaceae are the large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses. the poaceae include the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses.grasses have stems that are hollow except at the nodes and narrow alternate leaves borne in two ranks. The lower part of each leaf encloses the stem, forming a leaf-sheath. (source:wiki)

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+ 狗牙花 ervatamia divaricata – 屬夾竹桃科。 apocynaceae family.

# 夾竹桃科特色是沒有托葉。雄蕊在花管內。apocynaceae characteristics: no stipule; stamen hides deep inside flower tube.

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+ 龍船花 chinese ixora (ixora chinensis)

# 茜草科 – 葉對生,圓莖。托葉合生。rubiaceae family – opposite leaves that are simple and entire, interpetiolar stipules, tubular sympetalous actinomorphic corollas and an inferior ovary. (source: wiki) chinese ixora may16

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+ 大紅花/重瓣朱槿 china rose (hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

# 錦葵科 – 花器特別。單葉互生。托葉明顯 (鬍鬚)。單蒂雄蕊。  malvaceae – leaves are generally alternate, often palmately lobed or compound and palmately veined. The margin may be entire, but when dentate, a vein ends at the tip of each tooth (malvoid teeth). stipules are present. malvaceae may16

+ 銀邊福祿桐 polyscias guilfoylei polyscias guilfoylei may16

+ 長柄合果芋 african evergreen (syngonium podophyllum) araceae 天南星科 african evergreen may16

+ 白蝴蝶,又名箭葉芋 arrow-head vine (syngonium podophyllum) araceae 天南星科 arrow-head vine may16

+ 可愛花 eranthemum nervosum

# 爵床科 – 單葉對生,葉中一般含有鈣質鍾乳體,葉面看來有條紋。acanthaceae – simple, opposite, decussated leaves with entire margins, and without stipules. The leaves may contain cystoliths, calcium carbonate concretions, seen as streaks on the surface. eranthemum nervosum may16 acanthaceae may16

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