城門水塘秋之行紀錄 shing mun country park journal oct 2016

上星期在城門走了一天,以下是當日的生態記錄。雖然過了中秋和重陽,但天氣依然暖和。this is a record of various plants, insects and other species seen at shing mun last week.it was mid-autumn supposedly cool and dry weather, but it was warm that day.

shing-mun-country-park-oct16

肖梵天花 – 城門遍地都看到粉紅花處處,美美的。

灌木/草本,屬香港原生植物。『常見於村落旁或荒地上,花期為七月至翌年二月。開花時,一朵朵粉紅色的小花向路邊走過的人招手。她的果實呈扁球形,直徑約1厘米,成熟後呈啡色,表面被有星狀短柔毛和錨狀刺,形狀酷似一個「流星槌」;「黐頭婆」這個別名就是從她的果實而來。』《可觀自然教育中心

rose mallow/caesarweed (urena lobata) the lovely pink flowering shrubs are seen everywhere around the countrypark.

caesarweed is an annual, variable, erect, ascendant under shrub.The stems are covered with minute star-like hairs and often tinged purple. It is widely distributed as a weed in the tropics of both hemispheres including Brazil and Southeast Asia. (source: wiki)

1-rose-mallow-shingmun-oct16肖梵天花 rose mallow/caesarweed (urena lobata) – kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): rosids| order: malvales 錦葵目 | family: 錦葵科 malvaceae | subfamily: malvoideae | tribe: hibisceae | genus: urena 梵天花屬 | species: u. lobata  (source: wiki)

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2-common-wireweed-shingmun-oct16黃花稔 common wireweed (sida acuta) – kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): rosids| order: malvales 錦葵目 | family: 錦葵科 malvaceae | genus: sida 黃花稔屬 | species: 黃花稔 s. acuta   (source: wiki)

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南酸棗果滿一地。原生植物。落葉喬木,樹皮有深褐色裂紋,冬季初春,看到樹全禿,樹幹深裂,加上一地果實,容易辨認。跟芒果同屬漆樹科。

hog plum, this native plant is yet to shed the leaves as it is still autumn and weather is more like summer. but the ground around is full of its durpe. a deciduous tree with cracked bark in dark brown colour. drupe is sour and has four to five “eyes” on the top of the fruit. it is from anacardiaceae the cashew or sumac family. it is hong kong native.

3-a-hog-plum-shingmun-oct16 3-b-hog-plum-shingmun-oct16南酸棗 hog plum (choerospondias axillaris) – kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): rosids | order: 無患子目 sapindales | family: 漆樹科 anacardiaceae | genus: 南酸棗屬 choerospondias | species: c. axillaris

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香港瘰螈 三隻!『香港瘰螈是本港唯一的蠑螈(有尾兩棲類),可生活在不同高度的溪流。在繁殖期(9 月至3 月),可見其經常於溪澗底部爬行及覓食,牠們主要捕食昆蟲的幼蟲、小魚、小蝦及蝌蚪。雄性瘰螈更會為爭取求偶機會和領土而進行「摔角比賽」。』(參考:嘉道理農場)

three of them! “hong kong newt is the only newt found in Hong Kong, where it can be seen at nearly all altitudes in or near streams. During the breeding months (September to March), it is frequently seen crawling along the stream bed, feeding on insect larvae, small fish, shrimps and tadpoles. Male newts may also be spotted having ‘wrestling matches’ as they fight for females and territory.” (source: kadoorie)

4-hk-newt-shingmun-oct16香港瘰螈 hong kong newt (paramesotriton hongkongensis) – kingdom 動物界 animalia | division/phylum 脊索動物門 chordata | class: 兩棲綱 lissamphibia | order: 有尾目 caudata | family 蠑螈科 salamandridae | genus paramesotriton | species: p. hongkongensis

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長尾南蜥 long-tailed skink (eutropis longicaudata)

5-long-tailed-skink-shingmun-oct16kingdom 動物界 animalia | division/phylum 脊索動物門 chordata | class: 爬蟲綱 reptilia | order: 有鱗目 squamata | family 石龍子科 scincidae | genus: eutropis | species: e.longicaudata

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地膽草 elephant’s foot herb (elephantopus scaber)

6-elephants-ft-shingmun-oct16kingdom: plantae 植物界 | (unranked): angiosperms (flowering plant) / 被子植物門 magnoliophyta | (unranked): eudicots / 雙子葉植物綱 magnoliopsida | (unranked): asterids 菊類植物 | order: asterales 菊目 | family: asteraceae 菊科 | genus: elephantopus 地膽草屬 | species: e. scaber 地膽草

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華麗灰蜻 crimson-tailed marsh hawk (orthetrum chrysis)

7-crimson-t-marsh-hawk-shingmun-oct16 kingdom: 動物界 animalia | phylum: 節肢動物門 arthropoda | class: 昆蟲綱 insecta | order: 蜻蛉目 odonata | family: 蜻蜓科 libellulidae | genus: 灰蜻屬 orthetrum | species 種: 紅蜻 o. chrysis

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斑灰蜻 mangrove skimmer (orthetrum poecilops)

8-mangrove-skimmer-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 動物界 animalia | phylum: 節肢動物門 arthropoda | class: 昆蟲綱 insecta | order: 蜻蛉目 odonata | family: 蜻蜓科 libellulidae | genus: 灰蜻屬 orthetrum | species 種: 斑灰蜻 o. poecilops

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了哥王 tie bush (wikstroemia indica)

9-a-tie-bush-shingmun-oct16 9-b-tie-bush-fruit-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): rosids | order: 桃金孃目 myrtales | family: 瑞香科 thymelaeaceae | genus: 蕘花屬 wikstroemia | species種: 南嶺蕘花 w. indica  (source: wiki)

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植物-待查  plant,species tbc10-tbc-shingmun-oct16

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細葉榕 chinese banyan (ficus microcarpa)

11-ch-banyan-shingmun-oct16kingdom: plantae 植物界| (unranked): angiosperms| (unranked): eudicots| (unranked): rosids | order: rosales 薔薇目 | family: moraceae 桑科 | genus: ficus 榕屬 | species: f. microcarpa

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金蠅 chrysomya (species)12-chrysomya-shingmun-oct16

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花翅大蚊 hexatoma (sp.)

13-hexatoma-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: diptera 雙翅目 | family: tipulidae 大蚊科 | subfamily: tipulidae | genus: hexatoma | type species: hexatoma nigra  (source: wiki)

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蛇泡簕 rusty haired raspberry (rubus reflexus)

14-rusty-haired-raspberry-shingmun-oct16kingdom: plantae 植物界 | (unranked): angiosperms| (unranked): eudicots| (unranked): rosids | order: rosales 薔薇目 | family: 蔷薇科 rosaceae | genus: rubus 懸鉤子屬 | species: r. reflexus 蛇泡簕/鏽毛莓   (source: wiki)

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龍眼雞 pyrops candelaria – 華南原生 native to south china

15-pyrops-candelaria-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 動物界 animalia | phylum: 節肢動物門 arthropoda | class: 昆蟲綱 insecta | order: 半翅目 hemiptera | family: 蠟蟬科 fulgoridae | genus: 東方蠟蟬屬 pyrops | species 種: 龍眼雞 p. candelaria  (source: wiki)

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淡竹葉 lophatherum gracile

16-lophatherum-gracile-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): 被子植物 angiosperms | (unranked): 單子葉植物 monocots | (unranked): 鴨跖草類植物 commelinids | order: poales 禾本目 | family: 禾本科 poaceae | sub-family: 蘆竹亞科 arundinoideae | genus: 淡竹葉屬 lophantherum | species: 種: 淡竹葉 l. gracile 《維基

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待查 species tbc17-tbc-shingmun-oct16

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金蛛(科) araneidae (family)

18-araneidae-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | subphylum: chelicerata | class: 蛛形綱 arachnida | order: 蜘蛛目 araneae | infraorder: araneomorphae | family: 圓蛛科 araneidae | genus: 金蛛屬 argiope

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沼生金鈕扣 acmella uliginosa

19-acmella-uliginosa-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): asterids | order: asterales 菊目 | family: 菊科 compositae | genus: 金鈕扣屬 acmella | species 種: 沼生金鈕扣 a. uliginosa

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藍點紫斑蝶 blue spotted crow (euploea midamus)

20-blue-spotted-crow-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: lepidoptera 鱗翅目 | family: nymphalidae 蛺蝶科 | genus: euploea (crow) 紫斑蝶蝶屬 | species: e.midamus  (source: wiki)

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絹斑蝶 glassy tiger (parantica aglea)

21-glassy-tiger-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: lepidoptera 鱗翅目 | family: nymphalidae 蛺蝶科 | genus: parantica (tigers) 絹斑蝶屬 | species: parantica aglea 絹斑蝶  (source: wiki)

二刺浪遊長踦 gagrella splendens– 泛稱盲蛛

22-gagrella-splendens-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: arachnida 蛛形綱 | order: opiliones 盲蛛目 | suborder: eupnoi | superfamily: phalangioidea | family: sclerosomatidae | genus: gagrella | species: g. splendens  (source: wiki)

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另一種盲蛛 another kind of gagrella23-gagrella-shingmun-oct16

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荷蓮豆 drymaria cordata

24-drymaria-cordata-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): core eudicots | 石竹目 caryophyllales order | 石竹科 caryophyllaceae family | 荷蓮豆草屬 drymaria genus | species 種: 荷蓮豆 d.cordata

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鏽凹大葉蟬 large brown leafhopper (bothrogonia ferruginea)

25-large-brown-leafhopper-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: hemiptera 半翅目 | suborder: 頸喙亞目 auchenorrhyncha | infraorder: cicadomorpha | superfamily: membracoidea | family: cicadellidae | subfamily: cicadellinae | genus: bothrogonia | species: b. ferruginea 鏽凹大葉蟬

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待查 species tbc26-tbc-shingmun-oct16

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檗黃粉蝶卵 eggs of three spot grass yellow (eurema blanda)

27-grass-yellow-egg-shingmun-oct16檗黃粉蝶 three spot grass yellow (eurema blanda) – kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: lepidoptera 鱗翅目 | family: 粉蝶科 pieridae | genus: 黃粉蝶屬 eurema | species: 檗黃粉蝶 e. blanda

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貓蛛科 oxyopidae (family)/lynx spider

28-oxyopidae-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: 蛛形綱 arachnida | order: 蜘蛛目 araneae | infraorder: araneomorphae | family: 貓蛛科 oxyopidae | genus: oxyopes 貓蛛屬

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矍眼蝶/小波眼蝶 common five ring (ypthima baldus)

29-common-fivering-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: lepidoptera 鱗翅目 | family: 蛺蝶科 nymphalidae | genus: 波眼蝶屬 ypthima | species: 矍眼蝶/小波眼蝶 y. baldus

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聚花草 floscopa scandens

30-floscopa-scandens-shingmun-oct16kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): monocots | (unranked): commelinids | 鴨跖草目 commelinales order | 鴨跖草科 commelinaceae family | 聚花草屬 floscopa genus | species 種: 聚花草 f. scandens  (source: wiki)

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弄蝶科 skippers (hesperiidae family)

31-skipper-shingmun-oct16kingdom: animalia 動物界 | phylum: arthropoda 節肢動物門 | class: insecta 昆蟲綱 | order: lepidoptera 鱗翅目 | family: 弄蝶科 hesperiidae

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假連翹 golden dewdrops (duranta erecta) & 長喙天蛾 (俗名: 飛蝦) m. stellatarum

32-h-mothhawk-shingmun-oct16假連翹 golden dewdrops (duranta erecta) – kingdom: 植物界 plantae | (unranked): angiosperms | (unranked): eudicots | (unranked): asterids | order: 唇形目 lamiales | family: 馬鞭草科 verbenaceae | genus: 金露花屬 duranta | species 種: 假連翹/金露花 d. erecta

小豆長喙天蛾 hummingbird hawkmoth (macroglossum stellatarum) – 動物界 animalia kingdom | 節肢動物門 arthropoda division | 昆蟲綱 insecta class | 鱗翅目 lepidoptera order | 天蛾科 sphingidae family | genus: macroglossum | species: m. stellatarum  (source: wiki)

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黃體鹿蛾 amata grotei

33-amata-grotei-shingmun-oct16動物界 animalia kingdom | 節肢動物門 arthropoda division | 昆蟲綱 insecta class | 鱗翅目 lepidoptera order | 燈蛾科 arctiidae family | 蜂蛾亞科 ctenuchinae subfamily | tribe: ctenuchinae incertae sedis | genus: amata | species: a. grotei  (source: wiki)

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蜘蛛待查 spider tbc34-spider-shingmun-oct16

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